Daily Current Affairs 24th April, 2017
A step forward for Indo-Bangla ties
- The Tripura government has commenced the land acquisition process for the construction of India-Bangladesh Friendship Bridge over river Feni that demarcates boundaries between the two countries in south Tripura.
- The process for acquiring land for a four-lane approach road and a connecting road on Indian side in southern Tripura has also begun.
- Government of India is bearing the entire burden of expenditure towards the construction of the 150-metre bridge which will connect Sabroom of India and Ramgarh in Bangladesh.
- Rehabilitation package is ready to compensate people who would be dislodged for construction purposes.
- The bridge would facilitate implementation of a protocol India earlier signed with Bangladesh to use Chittagong sea port as a ‘port of call’. The port is 72 kilometre away from Sabroom.
- India is also expanding rail network up to Sabroom to handle cargo consignments that would arrivefrom Chittagong port. Ultimate connectivity plan is to benefit Tripura and other landlocked northeastern States with international and domestic shipments using the sea port.
A new freight train connects Russia with China
- A freight train connecting Russia with China arrived in Ganzhou an inland city in Jiangxi province, carrying goods from Moscow.
- The freight train travelled more than 7,000 km, before reaching Ganzhou in eastern China.
Soon, underwater tunnels will connect Howrah with Kolkata
- The construction of the first underwater metro tunnel in the country deep under the bed of the Hooghly river has begun.
- Two tunnels will be built. By the end of July, two tunnels running parallel will connect the twin cities of Howrah and Kolkata located on either side of the Hooghly.
- The tunnels are being dug at a depth of 30 metres below the earth’s surface and 13 metres below the riverbed.
- The twin tunnels, about 520 metres long, are crucial to the much-awaited ₹ 8,900 core East West Metro project that will connect Salt Lake Sector V in the eastern part of Kolkata to the Howrah Maidan across the river.
ECONOMY, BANKING AND FINANCE
India becomes No. 2 LPG importer:
- India has replaced Japan as world’s number two importer of liquefied petroleum gas or LPG.
- Japan recorded a drop of 3.2% in LPG imports during the period under review to 10.6 million tonnes.
- China continues to occupy numero uno position as world’s largest LPG importer.
- The main reason behind the increase in the consumption of LPG in India is due to the two government schemes coupled with free gas connections.
- From May 2016, the government is providing free cooking gas connections to women from extremely poor households, to reduce the use of polluting fuels such as wood and dried cow dung. This has increased India’s active LPG users to about 200 million, which is 60% more than Japan’s entire population.
- According to the World Health Organization, polluting fuels used for cooking purposes results in 1.3 million premature deaths in India every year.
- India has set an ambitious target of increasing LPG usage to cover 80% of the households by March 2019. As per the present estimates of the oil ministry, demand for fuel will touch 35 million tonnes by 2031-32 in India.
Haryana launches mobile app ‘Kilkari’ to create awareness among pregnant women
- The National Health Mission (NHM) in Haryana launched a mobile-based application named ‘Kilkari’ to create awareness among pregnant women, parents and health workers on the
- From the second trimester of pregnancy, till the child is one-year-old, the application will deliver 72 times appropriate audio messages to registered mobile numbers on pregnancy, child and childbirth care every week.
India becomes world’s fifth largest military spender
- According to Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (Sipri), India has become world’s fifth-largest military spender spending at $55.9 billion in 2016.
- The US remains the world’s largest military followed by China, Russia, and Saudi Arabia. The other prominent spenders in the top 15 include Japan, South Korea, and Australia.
Engaging Asia arbitration summit:
- The summit was recently held in New Delhi.
- The Summit brings together lawyers and corporates from participating countries to discuss Asia’s potential in driving worldwide growth in commercial arbitration.
- It provides participants an opportunity to discuss the surge in arbitration in Asia, especially among economic powers such as India and China, and Southeast Asia.
- The Summit presents a platform for the international arbitration community to engage with policy makers and share experiences in best practices. It also provides ample opportunity to network on the sidelines with leading arbitration lawyers and corporate counsels.
‘Mother of all marches’ in Venezuela:
- The Mother of All Marches, also known as the Mother of All Protests, was a day of protests held on 19 April 2017 in Venezuela against their president Nicolas Maduro and the chavist regime.
- The protests began after the Supreme Tribunal of Justice dissolved the National Assembly and took over its legislative powers, on 29 March, 2017, in what was called a self-coup.
ENVIRONMENT,SCIENCE AND TECH
3D-printing conquers glass:
- Scientists have developed a novel way to 3D-print objects using glass, an advance that could be used to make very small optical components for complex computers.
- The process is known as Stereolithography. Stereolithography is a form of 3D-printing technology used for creating models, prototypes, patterns and production parts in a layer by layer fashion using photopolymerisation, a process by which light causes chains of molecules to link, forming polymers.
- The material, which remains a liquid, is washed out in a solvent bath, leaving only the desired cured structure. The polymer still mixed in this glass structure is subsequently removed by heating.
Material tougher, more conductive than copper developed
- Researchers have developed thin carbon nanotube (CNT) textiles that exhibit high electrical conductivity and a level of toughness about 50 times higher than copper films, currently being used in electronics.
- Tough nano-architectured conductive textile are made by capillary splicing of Carbon nanotubes.
- Beginning with catalyst deposited on a silicon oxide substrate, vertically aligned carbon nanotubes were synthesised via chemical vapour deposition in the form of parallel lines of 5 micrometre wide, 10 micrometre in length, and 20-60 micrometre in heights.
- Aligned carbon nanotube sheets are suitable for a wide range of application spanning from the micro to the macro-scales. The structural robustness of thin metal films has significant importance for the reliable operation of smart skin and flexible electronics, including biological and structural health monitoring sensors.
- Maharashtra govt signs MoU with Railways to expand green cover
- In a bid to expand the green cover, the Maharashtra government recently signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with the Indian Railways, under which trees will be planted on the land adjacent to the railway tracks in the state.
Goldman Environmental Prize for Prafulla Samantra
- Social activist Prafulla Samantra was announced one among six winners of the Goldman Environmental Prize for his “historic 12-year legal battle that affirmed the indigenous Dongria Kondh’s land rights and protected the Niyamgiri Hills from a massive, open-pit aluminum ore mine.”
- The other five winners for this year are: Mark Lopez (United States); Uroš Macerl (Slovenia); Rodrigo Tot (Guatemala); Rodrigue Katembo (Democratic Republic of Congo); and Wendy Bowman (Australia).
Panchayati Raj Diwas:
- National Panchayati Raj Day is the national day of India celebrated by Ministry of Panchayati Raj on 24 April annually.
- This date marks a defining moment in the history of decentralization of political power to the grassroots level.
- The Constitution (73rd Amendment) Act, 1992 that came into force with effect from 24th April, 1993 has institutionalized Panchayati Raj through the village, Intermediate and District level Panchayats.
K Viswanath wins Dadasaheb Phalke Award for 2016
- Veteran filmmaker and actor Kasinadhuni Viswanath has been conferred Dadasaheb Phalke award for 2016 by the Ministry of Information & Broadcasting.
- The award consists of a Swarn Kamal (Golden Lotus), a cash prize of Rs. 10 lakhs and a shawl.
About Dadasahib Phalke
- The award is conferred by the Union Government for outstanding contribution to the growth and development of Indian Cinema.
- The Award was established in 1969 to commemorate the birth centenary year of father of Indian cinema, Dadasaheb Phalke.
- It is the highest official recognition (award) in Indian cinema. It is given on the basis of recommendations of a committee of eminent personalities set up by the government.
Moushumi Chatterjee gets BFJA lifetime achievement award
- Veteran actress Moushumi Chatterjee has received the lifetime achievement award, at the 80th Bengal Film Journalists’ Association (BFJA) awards.
- The BFJA, the oldest association of film scribes in the country was founded in 1937. Bengali film actor Prosenjit Chatterjee was given the best actor award for his role in “Sankhachil”, while Rituparna Sengupta was given the best actress crown for her role in “Rajkahini” along with Paoli Dam for “Natoker Moto” (2015).
‘Newton’ wins best film honor at Hong Kong International Film Festival
- Bollywood film “Newton” has won the best film honor at the Hong Kong International Film Festival. The lead actor of the film is Raj Kumar Rao.
- Amit Masurkar-directed “Newton”, is a political satire. It had its world premiere at the 67th Berlin Film Festival where it won the International Federation of Art Cinemas (CICAE) award in its Forum segment.
Monte Carlo Masters: Nadal wins Men’s Singles; Bopanna and Cuevas lift men’s doubles
- Rafael Nadal has won the Men’s Singles title of Monte Carlo Masters Tennis tournament 2017. He defeated Albert Vinolas at a summit clash in Monaco. With this Rafael claimed a record 10th Monte Carlo Masters title.
- Earlier, India’s Rohan Bopanna and his Uruguayan partner Pablo Cuevas lifted the men’s doubles crown at the Monte Carlo Masters after win over Spain’s Feliciano Lopez and Marc Lopez in Monaco.
Aditi Ashok, SSP Chawrasia win Golf Industry Awards
- SSP Chawrasia and Aditi Ashok were among the winners at the second Golf Industry Association (GIA) Awards 2017. Aditi, who finished second in the Ladies European Tour (LET) order of merit in 2016 bagged Outstanding Achievement as a Player award.
- Chawrasia, who successfully defended his Indian Open title in 2017, bagged the Award for the Men’s Player of the Year.
- Ali Sher, the Delhi Golf Club caddy-turned-pro-golfer, was feted for an Outstanding Playing Career. Ali Sher won the Indian Open back in 1991 and was honored with an Arjuna Award in the same year.